Chapter 4: Bystanders: how much is not enough?

Cruise ship St. LOUIS in a postcard, 1939 USHMM, courtesy of Julie Klein, Photo by Max Reid
Cruise ship St. LOUIS in a postcard, 1939 USHMM, courtesy of Julie Klein, Photo by Max Reid
Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII, at the time of his ordination as a priest in 1899
Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII, at the time of his ordination as a priest in 1899
Adolf Hitler converses with the Papal Nuncio, Archbishop Cesare Orsenigo, at a New Year's reception in Berlin January 1, 1935 USHMM, courtesy of William O. McWorkman
Adolf Hitler converses with the Papal Nuncio, Archbishop Cesare Orsenigo, at a New Year’s reception in Berlin January 1, 1935 USHMM, courtesy of William O. McWorkman
Jewish refugees are ferried out of Denmark aboard Danish fishing boats bound for Sweden October 1943 USHMM, courtesy of Frihedsmuseet
Jewish refugees are ferried out of Denmark aboard Danish fishing boats bound for Sweden October 1943 USHMM, courtesy of Frihedsmuseet
Buchenwald, 1945 - note the Christmas wreaths on wall
Buchenwald, 1945 – note the Christmas wreaths on wall